Nearly one year ago, I published a lengthy post on the concerns about arsenic found in rice. The article stemmed from a Consumer Reports investigation in 2012 that found arsenic in different forms of rice. My post raised the question that if there are unacceptable levels of arsenic in rice, how does that impact people on a gluten-free diet who often eat a lot of rice.
Friday, the Food and Drug Administration addressed the arsenic levels in rice saying the arsenic levels found in rice is not an immediate health risk for the general public.
The FDA said in its announcement during its testing of 1300 products containing rice, it found that in rice grains: “average levels of inorganic arsenic ranged from 2.6 to 7.2 micrograms per serving, with instant rice at the low end of the range and brown rice at the high end”. For rice products the levels ranged from .o1 to 6.6 micrograms per serving. with infant formula on the low end and rice pasta at the high end. The Consumer Reports study measured parts per billion, so the numbers in the CR report from last year and the current numbers from the FDA are not quite “apples to apples”.
But the overall findings are similar– that brown rice and brown rice pasta, tend to have the higher arsenic levels.
The FDA also stated that while the immediate effects are not an issue, they say they don’t know about long-term affects. That is the area of study they will focus on now. “These are the next steps: To look at exposure levels, to analyze the risk, and determine how to minimize that risk for the overall safety of consumers, including vulnerable groups like children and pregnant women,” says Suzanne C. Fitzpatrick, Ph.D., senior advisor for toxicology in FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Eventually their assessment will be available for public comment. The FDA says that won’t happen for “several months”.
Arsenic in general terms is a known human carincogen. The Consumer Reports article from last year referenced the International Agency for Research on Cancer which has arsenic listed in its list of 100 Group 1 carcinogens. ”It is known to cause bladder, lung and skin cancer in humans, with the liver, kidney, and prostate now considered potential targets of arsenic-induced cancers,” the article said.
I hope the FDA considers people with celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity when furthering this research. Companies and consumers make rice a default grain when preparing a gluten-free diet. As a result, we eat a lot of it. Yes, there are other grains we could and probably should be eating. But that may not be the case for many of us.
What are your thoughts on this? Have you reduced your rice intake since the initial report? What do you think of the new information from the FDA?